HIGHLIGHTS OF INDIA
Colourful and lively, the fairs and festivals of India are an integral part of people’s life. These fairs & festivals portray the rich cultural heritage and unity in diversity of the country. The vivid culture of India is reflected through its numerous festivals and fairs, bringing out the true spirit of the Indian people and their society. All the fairs & festivals in India have their roots in the traditions, religious beliefs, myths and the seasons of the country.
The fairs and festivals in India either celebrate the change of seasons, birthdays of divine beings, saints and gurus are also celebrated as festivals. Some festivals welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains or the full moon. The celebrations are splashed with colour, dance, music and songs.
Holi is celebrated to mark the beginning of the spring season where as Teej festival of Rajasthan marks the onset of the rainy season. The Onam of Kerala and Bihu festival of Assam are celebrated to mark the harvesting season. Other festivals, like the Khajuraho Dance festival and Konark Dance Festival promote the rich culture of India. Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga puja, Janmasthami, Christmas, Eid-ul-Fitr, Jagannath Rath Yatra, Vasant Panchami, Ram Navami are some of the popular religious festivals of India, which are celebrated all over India .
Apart from these, the Republic Day parade on 26th Jan & Independence Day on 15th Aug are celebrated as National festivals.
Some of the fairs and festivals are associated with a particular region or city / town such as the famous Camel & cattle fair of Pushkar, which is held on the full moon night of Karthik (Oct / Nov) month. Only a few of the fair & festivals take place on a particular date. Most of them follow the lunar or solar calendar, hence the exact date of the festivals varies from year to year.
Some of the fairs & festivals in India are famous world over such as the camel & cattle fair in Pushkar; Snake boat race in Alleppey near Kochi (Kerala); Surajkund crafts mela, Goa carnival and Kumbh mela.